Sunday, December 02, 2007


Serendipity: the natural ability to make interesting or valuable discoveries by accident (Longman Dictionary of contemporary English)
このような起源を持ち、辞書で上記のように説明されているように、Serendipityとは、単なる 発見した"幸運" や "偶然" ではなく、発見する「能力」を指している。
一方、A.L.Strauss,B.G.Glaserらは、彼らのGround Theoryにおいて、社会学の方法として予期しない特異な戦略的なデータが既存の理論の延長または新しい理論の創造の機会になることを観察された経験から、SerediptyはSerendipty patternとしてイデアの構築に役立つとされている。
また、R.K.Mertonらは、”The Travels and Adventures of Seredipty" (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003)で、 ”Serendipty"という造語がつくられてた起源と用途の跡をたどっている。そのなかで、 Serendiptyを目的をもった発見と経験的または、予知能力とを並列させた科学的手法として発展させている
"In the field of observation, chance favors only the prepared mind." Louis Pasteur
"Serendipity. Look for something, find something else, and realize that what you've found is more suited to your needs than what you thought you were looking for." Lawrence Block
"The most exciting phrase to hear in science, the one that heralds new discoveries, is not 'Eureka!', but 'That's funny …'" Isaac Asimov
"In reality, serendipity accounts for one percent of the blessings we receive in life, work and love. The other 99 percent is due to our efforts." Peter McWilliams
"Serendipity is looking in a haystack for a needle and discovering a farmer's daughter." Julius Comroe Jr.
"Serendipity is putting a quarter in the gumball machine and having three pieces come rattling out instead of one—all red." Peter H. Reynolds
"--- you don't reach Serendib by plotting a course for it. You have to set out in good faith for elsewhere and lose your bearings ... serendipitously." John Barth, The Last Voyage of Somebody the Sailor
"Serendipity is the art of making an unsought finding." Pek van Andel (1994)

Robert K. Merton, Elinor Barber: The Travels and Adventures of Serendipity: A Study in Sociological Semantics and the Sociology of Science. Princeton University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-691-11754-3. (Manuscript written 1958).
Patrick J. Hannan: Serendipity, Luck and Wisdom in Research. iUniverse, 2006. ISBN 0-595-36551-5
Royston M. Roberts: Serendipity: Accidental Discoveries in Science. Wiley, 1989. ISBN 0-471-60203-5
Pek Van Andel: "Anatomy of the unsought finding : serendipity: origin, history, domains, traditions, appearances, patterns and programmability." British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 1994, 45(2), 631-648.


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